(the information provided here is taken from the EPA and CDC websites)
What is Mold
Mold is a type of fungus that sprouts form tiny spores that float about in the air.Some molds and yeasts cause disease or food spoilage, others play an important role in the production of various foods, beverages, antibiotics and enzymes.
Molds are usually not a problem indoors, unless mold spores land on a wet or damp spot and begin growing. Molds have the potential to cause health problems. Molds produce allergens (substances that can cause allergic reactions) and irritants. Inhaling or touching mold or mold spores may cause allergic reactions in sensitive individuals. Allergic responses include hay fever-type symptoms, such as sneezing, runny nose, red eyes, and skin rash.Allergic reactions to mold are common. They can be immediate or delayed. Molds can also cause asthma attacks in people with asthma who are allergic to mold. Mold exposure can irritate the eyes, skin, nose, throat, and lungs of both mold-allergic and non-allergic people.
For more information [Click Here]
How Can I test For Mold
If you go the DIY route while testing for mold, you will need to purchase a mold testing kit from a hardware or home repair store, take samples of the air and affected areas yourself, and then send these in to a testing facility, which will report back as to which type of mold is present. However this is not recommended by the CDC. Professional mold testing companies will take samples of any areas of mold growth, identify precisely what type of mold is present, and recommend next steps for remediation.
How Do I Reduce Mold in my Home
It’s impossible to get rid of all mold and mold spores in your home, but because mold spores can’t grow without moisture, reducing moisture in your home is the best way to prevent or eliminate mold growth. If there is already mold growing in your home, it’s important to clean up the mold and fix the problem causing dampness. If you clean up the mold but don’t fix the problem, the mold will most likely return.Use dehumidifiers and air conditioners, especially in hot, humid climates, to reduce moisture in the air.Keep air conditioning drip pans clean. Make sure drain lines are free of obstructions and flow properly.Keep the house warm in cool weather. As the temperature goes down, the air is less able to hold moisture and it condenses on cold surfaces, which can encourage mold growth.Open doors between rooms to increase circulation, which carries heat to cold surfaces. Increase air circulation by using fans and by moving furniture from wall corners.Check for leaks around the kitchen sink, refrigerator ice makers, and other sources of water. Check for leaks around basins and tubs.
Mold Test Verses Mold Assessments, the difference
Mold testing is a test of a known visible or suspect condition to determine if mold is present and what type. A sample of the suspected mold is taken by one of two methods, tape or swab and sent to a lab for testing. If there is no visible evidence to be tested, and air sample can be taken indoors and compared to an air sample taken outdoors. If the indoor readings are significantly different from the outdoor readings, the difference will determine if a mold condition exists.
Mold assessment is an evaluation of the entire home or space to determine if mold is present, what conditions in the home may contribute to mold, and what steps must be taken to reduce the presence of mold in the subject area. A mold assessment can take several hours depending on home construction, size and features. Because mold cannot exist without the presence of moisture, a mold assessment will examine closely all potential moisture sources in the home, and look for elevated moisture readings. Moisture sources include, poor ventilation of attics, dryers, bathrooms, poor grading and roof leaks, poorly maintained humidifiers and AC systems.
Myths About Mold in Homes
- Mold is toxic and can kill.
- There are substances that are mold like in appearance.
- Non-toxic mold can not affect you.
- Mildews and molds do not pose similar health concerns.